Photograph Album -
The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
and Carnegie Institute

The following are photographs of The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and The Carnegie Institute(known better to the public as The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh), located together in a massive building at 4400 Forbes Avenue in the Oakland Civic Center District of Pittsburgh(approximately three miles east of Downtown Pittsburgh); this building is located across Forbes Avenue from the University of Pittsburgh's 42-story Cathedral of Learning, the tallest academic building in the Western Hemisphere. In addition to the Main Branch of The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, The Carnegie Institute building includes The Carnegie Museum of Natural History, The Carnegie Museum of Art(including the Scaife Gallery building addition, constructed in the 1960s), The Carnegie Music Hall and The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh Lecture Hall. The Carnegie Institute also operates two other museums, located on Pittsburgh's Lower North Side: The Carnegie Science Center and The Andy Warhol Museum. -

The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh

Dedicated by Andrew Carnegie and opened to the public on November 5, 1895, The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and The Carnegie Institute was Andrew Carnegie's largest philanthropic endeavor, up to that time.
Photographs 1 through 6 show various views of the Library entrance, which faces Schenley Plaza. Notice that the lettering, engraved at the Library entrance, for "FREE TO THE PEOPLE" is actually larger than the lettering for "CARNEGIE LIBRARY." Photograph 7 shows the outside entrance to The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh's Lecture Hall, which faces Schenley Drive. Photograph 8, in black-and-white, shows The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Institute building at its dedication in November of 1895, prior to construction of the 1907 addition(from "Presentation of the Carnegie Library to the People of Pittsburgh with a Description of the Dedicatory Exercises, November 5th, 1895" "Printed by Order of the Corporation of the City of Pittsburgh").

Photo 1 (1)***Photo 2 (1)***Photo 3 (1)***Photo 4 (1)***Photo 5 (1)***Photo 6 (1)***Photo 7 (1)

Photo 8

The Carnegie Institute and The Carnegie Music Hall

Entrances to The Carnegie Institute and to The Carnegie Music Hall are on Forbes Avenue. Photograph 1 shows The Carnegie Institute building with Forbes Avenue in the foreground; the main entrance to The Carnegie Museum of Natural History and The Carnegie Museum of Art is on the extreme left, the carriage entrance and driveway is in the middle, and the entrance to The Carnegie Music Hall is on the right. Photograph 2 shows the main Museum entrance. Photograph 3 shows the carriage entrance and driveway. Photograph 4 shows the Music Hall entrance.

Photo 1 (1)***Photo 2 (1)***Photo 3 (1)***Photo 4 (1)

"The Noble Quartet"

In creating one building for The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and The Carnegie Institute, Andrew Carnegie envisioned this building as a place to bring together the disciplines of Literature, Science, Art, and Music, what he called "The Noble Quartet." He had four statues created, and placed at the Forbes Avenue entrances(two at the Museums entrance and two at the Music Hall entrance), to symbolize "The Noble Quartet." At the main Museums entrance are statues of Galileo Galiei(Science) and Michelangelo(Art). At the Music Hall entrance are statues of Johann Sebastian Bach(Music) and William Shakespeare(Literature).

Gaileo(Science) (1)***Michelangelo(Art) (1)***Bach(Music) (1)***Shakespeare(Literature) (1)

Dinosaurs

When dinosaur bones were discovered in the western United States, Andrew Carnegie funded field research to find complete dinosaur skeletons. Several complete skeletons were put on display at The Carnegie Museum of Natural History. The Pittsburgh museum now has one of the best dinosaur skeleton collections in the world.

Photograph 1 shows Dinosaur Hall in The Carnegie Museum of Natural History. In the rear is the skeleton of mighty Tryrannosaurus Rex; this skeleton served as a "Type Specimen" for the original description of "T-Rex" in 1906. On the left is a skeleton named in honor of Andrew Carnegie, "Diplodocus Carnegii"; the skeleton on the right was named in honor of Andrew Carnegie's wife, Louise. Photograph 2 shows a closer view of "T-Rex." Photograph 3 shows a closer view of Apatosaurus Louisae, named in honor of Louise Carnegie.

Photo 1 (1)***Photo 2 (1)***Photo 3 (1)

Diplodocus Carnegii - "Dippy"

The famous dinosaur skeleton, Diplodocus Carnegii, affectionately known as "Dippy" to generations of Pittsburghers, celebrated an anniversary in 1999. The Carnegie Museum of Natural History's first major dinosaur skeleton was discovered in Wyoming on July 4, 1899. As a permanent commemoration of this centennial, a life-size replica of Diplodocus Carnegii(as scientists believe he looked when alive) was built at the corner of Forbes Avenue and Schenley Drive, near the Museum's entrance. Photographs 1 and 2 show this new Oakland landmark. Photograph 3 shows a smaller model of Diplodocus Carnegii in a centennial exhibit inside the Museum; in the background is the New York City newspaper article, which prompted Andrew Carnegie to fund the first paleontological expedition which resulted in the discovery of "Dippy." Photograph 4 is a photograph of the actual dinosaur skelton, in the Museum's Dinosaur Hall(specifically constructed to house dinosaur skeletons).

Photo 1 (2)***Photo 2 (2)***Photo 3 (2) ***Photo 4 (1)

Hillman Hall of Minerals and Gems

One of the newer exhibit halls, in The Carnegie Museum of Natural History, is the Hillman Hall of Minerals and Gems. The following are photographs of some of the hundreds of specimens included in this Hall's permanent collection. The collection includes a fairly large iron meteorite(photograph 1) from outer space, as well as several small meteorite fragments(photograph 2). One exhibit(photograph 3) uses a Geiger Counter to show the amount of radioactivity eminating from certain rocks. (Photographs by Sean W. Comunale)

Photo 1 (2)***Photo 2 (2)***Photo 3 (2)***Photo 4 (2)***Photo 5 (2)***Photo 6 (2)***Photo 7 (2)

Photo 8 (2)***Photo 9 (2)***Photo 10 (2)***Photo 11 (2)***Photo 12 (2)***Photo 13 (2)

"The Smoky City"

Until very recently, Pittsburgh was known around the country as "The Smoky City." Smoke control efforts of the 1950s, a ban on outdoor burning in Allegheny County in the 1960s, and the recent Clean Air Act Federal legislation have made this Pittsburgh moniker obsolete. However, after nearly a century of co-existence with smoke from the steel mills and other industrial plants, a layer of soot lay on the facade of The Carnegie Institute. The building was finally cleaned, and this layer of soot removed, in the late 1980s. However, to demonstrate one of the consequences of air pollution to future generations, the layer of soot was kept on one small section of the building. The small corner of the building faces the Library entrance and Schenley Plaza; The Carnegie Music Hall is on the other side of this wall. These two photographs show the section of Carnegie Institute wall where soot remains; remember, at one time the entire building looked like this !

Photo 1 (1)***Photo 2 (1)


1895 Dedication of The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
and Carnegie Institute,
Including Andrew Carnegie's Dedicatory Address, in its Entirety


Carnegie Library of
Pittsburgh Electronic Information
Network Three Rivers Free-Net CAROLINE Search the Internet Carnegie Museums of
Pittsburgh

The Carnegie Science Center

New Carnegie Science Center building
(1991)

Original Science Center building:
The Buhl Planetarium &
Institute of Popular Science
(1939)


Photographs with Number (1): Copyright 1999 Lynne S. Comunale, All Rights Reserved.


Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries Photo Album Cover Page.

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Library Legally Established 100 Years Ago by Andrew Carnegie.

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Disclaimer Statement: This Internet Web page is not affiliated with the Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory,
The Carnegie Science Center, or The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh/Carnegie Institute.

This Internet, World Wide Web Site administered by Glenn A. Walsh, Life Trustee, Andrew Carnegie Free Library.
Unless otherwise indicated, all web pages in this account are Copyright 1999, Andrew Carnegie Free Library, All Rights Reserved.
Additions and corrections to: andrcarn@alphaclp.clpgh.org

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