Photograph Album -
The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
The following are photographs of The
Carnegie Library of
Pittsburgh and The Carnegie Institute(known better to the public as The
Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh), located together in a massive
at 4400 Forbes Avenue in the Oakland Civic Center District of
Pittsburgh(approximately three miles east of Downtown Pittsburgh);
this building is located across Forbes Avenue from the University of
Pittsburgh's 42-story Cathedral of Learning, the tallest academic
building in the Western Hemisphere. In addition to the Main Branch of The
Library of Pittsburgh, The Carnegie Institute building
includes The Carnegie Museum of
Natural History, The Carnegie Museum of
Art(including the Scaife Gallery building addition, constructed in the
1960s), The Carnegie Music Hall and The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
Lecture Hall. The Carnegie Institute also operates two other museums,
located on Pittsburgh's Lower North Side:
The Carnegie Science Center and The Andy Warhol Museum. -
The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
Dedicated by Andrew Carnegie and opened to the public on November 5,
The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and The Carnegie Institute was Andrew
Carnegie's largest philanthropic endeavor, up to that time.Photo 1 (1)***Photo
2 (1)***Photo 3
4 (1)***Photo 5
(1)***Photo 6 (1)***Photo
Photographs 1 through 6 show various views of the Library entrance, which
faces Schenley Plaza. Notice that the lettering, engraved at the Library
entrance, for "FREE TO THE PEOPLE" is actually larger than the
lettering for "CARNEGIE LIBRARY." Photograph 7 shows the outside entrance
to The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh's Lecture Hall, which faces Schenley
Drive. Photograph 8, in black-and-white, shows The Carnegie Library of
Pittsburgh and Carnegie Institute building at its dedication in November
of 1895, prior to construction of the 1907 addition(from
"Presentation of the Carnegie Library to
the People of
Pittsburgh with a Description of the Dedicatory Exercises,
November 5th, 1895" "Printed by Order of the Corporation of
the City of Pittsburgh").
Entrances to The Carnegie Institute and to The Carnegie Music Hall are
on Forbes Avenue. Photograph 1 shows The Carnegie Institute building with
Forbes Avenue in the foreground; the main entrance to The Carnegie Museum
Natural History and The Carnegie Museum of Art is on the extreme left,
the carriage entrance and driveway is in the middle, and the entrance
to The Carnegie Music Hall is on the right. Photograph 2 shows the main
Museum entrance. Photograph 3 shows the carriage entrance and driveway.
Photograph 4 shows the Music Hall entrance.
Photo 1 (1)***Photo
"The Noble Quartet"
In creating one building for The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and
The Carnegie Institute, Andrew Carnegie envisioned this building as a
to bring together the disciplines of Literature, Science, Art, and Music,
what he called "The Noble Quartet." He had four statues created, and
placed at the Forbes Avenue entrances(two at the Museums entrance and
two at the Music Hall entrance), to symbolize "The Noble Quartet." At the
main Museums entrance are statues of Galileo Galiei(Science) and
Michelangelo(Art). At the Music Hall entrance are statues of Johann
Sebastian Bach(Music) and William Shakespeare(Literature).
Gaileo(Science) (1)***Michelangelo(Art) (1)***Bach(Music) (1)***Shakespeare(Literature) (1)
When dinosaur bones were discovered in the western United States,
Andrew Carnegie funded field research to find complete dinosaur
skeletons. Several complete skeletons were put on display at The Carnegie
Museum of Natural History. The Pittsburgh museum now has one of the best
dinosaur skeleton collections in the world.
Photograph 1 shows Dinosaur Hall in The Carnegie Museum of Natural
History. In the rear is the skeleton of mighty Tryrannosaurus Rex;
skeleton served as a "Type Specimen" for the original description of
"T-Rex" in 1906. On the left is a skeleton named in honor of Andrew
Carnegie, "Diplodocus Carnegii"; the skeleton on the right was named in
honor of Andrew
Carnegie's wife, Louise. Photograph 2 shows a closer view of "T-Rex."
Photograph 3 shows a closer view of Apatosaurus Louisae, named in
honor of Louise Carnegie.
Photo 1 (1)***Photo 2 (1)***Photo 3 (1)
Diplodocus Carnegii - "Dippy"
The famous dinosaur skeleton, Diplodocus
Carnegii, affectionately known as "Dippy" to
generations of Pittsburghers,
celebrated an anniversary in 1999. The Carnegie Museum of Natural
History's first major dinosaur skeleton was discovered in Wyoming on July
4, 1899. As a permanent commemoration of this centennial, a
replica of Diplodocus Carnegii(as scientists believe he looked when alive)
was built at the corner of Forbes Avenue and Schenley Drive, near the
Museum's entrance. Photographs 1 and 2 show this new Oakland landmark.
Photograph 3 shows a smaller model of Diplodocus Carnegii in a centennial
exhibit inside the Museum; in the background is the New York City
newspaper article, which prompted Andrew Carnegie to fund the first
paleontological expedition which resulted in the discovery of "Dippy."
Photograph 4 is a photograph of the actual dinosaur skelton, in the
Museum's Dinosaur Hall(specifically constructed to house dinosaur
Photo 1 (2)***Photo 2 (2)***Photo 3 (2)
***Photo 4 (1)
One of the newer exhibit halls, in The Carnegie Museum of Natural History,
is the Hillman Hall of Minerals and Gems. The following are photographs of
some of the hundreds of specimens included in this Hall's permanent
collection. The collection includes a fairly large iron
meteorite(photograph 1) from outer space, as well as several small
meteorite fragments(photograph 2). One exhibit(photograph 3) uses a
Geiger Counter to show the amount of radioactivity eminating from certain
rocks. (Photographs by Sean W. Comunale)
Photo 1 (2)***Photo
2 (2)***Photo 3
(2)***Photo 6 (2)***Photo
Photo 8 (2)***Photo
(2)***Photo 13 (2)
"The Smoky City"
Until very recently, Pittsburgh was known around the country as "The
Smoky City." Smoke control efforts of the 1950s, a ban on outdoor burning
in Allegheny County in the 1960s, and the recent Clean Air Act Federal
legislation have made
this Pittsburgh moniker obsolete. However, after nearly a century
of co-existence with smoke from the steel mills and other industrial
plants, a layer of soot lay on the facade of The Carnegie Institute. The
building was finally cleaned, and this layer of soot removed, in the late
1980s. However, to demonstrate one of the consequences of air pollution to
future generations, the layer of soot was kept on one small section of the
building. The small corner of the building faces the Library entrance and
Schenley Plaza; The Carnegie Music Hall is on the other side of this wall.
These two photographs show the section of Carnegie Institute wall where
soot remains; remember, at one time the entire building looked like this !
Photo 1 (1)***Photo 2 (1)
The Carnegie Science Center
Photographs with Number (1): © Copyright 1999
Lynne S. Comunale, All Rights Reserved.
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Henry Buhl, Jr.
Planetarium and Observatory,
Center, or The
Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh/Carnegie Institute.
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Andrew Carnegie Free Library.
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